|English | Español||October 19, 2017 | Issue #57|
Actions Strengthen Against Mining in Oaxaca
Teachers Union Declares Broader Mission to Include Social Justice and Community Education
By Nancy Davies
D.R. 2009 – Photos Nancy Davies
Ruiz advised the people of Ocotlán not to rely on the non-functional Mexican law but to go for direct action. His warning to the activists of Oaxaca did not fall on deaf ears; Oaxaca has been targeted for 13 different mining projects. The state is rich in gold, silver, copper and uranium. Furthermore, most of the land involved is sparsely populated by marginalized indigenous peoples, a population with absolutely no power –or so the mining companies hope.
The main purpose of the forum was to bring together the many small organizations and groups who presently struggle alone, to form a united front. A first forum began this work on May 5.
Present at the second forum, on May 16, was the representative from the Isthmus, Carlos Beas Torres of the Union of Communities of the North Zones of the Isthmus (UCIZONI, in its Spanish initials), which has faced the same scenario of overriding the local population’s rights, in two violations: the wind generators, and the cement manufacturer’s removal of literally entire hills for their sand. The organization CACTUS represented the Mixteco area which holds uranium. Other panelists included the wife of Augustin Rios Cruz, People of Cuicatecos, Filemon Sanchez from San Jose del Progreso, and the Chiapas group FMIN (front against mining).
San Luis Potosi struggled for fifteen years to win a court acknowledgement of the legal violations, but by then it was too late. The gold mine in San Luis was an open pit mine which proceeded during all those years to more or less carry away a small hill, leaving irreversible water and soil damage. The Canadian companies must obey environmental laws in Canada; in Mexico (and in Africa and in Latin America) they pay for favorable environmental reports, or may simply bribe officials to overlook what is going on, according to Ruiz.
In 2006, the Fortuna Silver company sent engineers to explore the feasibility of mining in Ocotlán, and to lease thirty-year concessions from about thirty owners. (This is now ejido, privately owned land due to the work of privatizing communal land which was set in motion by Carlos Salinas de Gortari.) Unfortunately, water and soil do not respond to land boundaries, so the entire area will be affected by any water pollution. Opposition activists have entered the mine tunnel which inclines downward to 960 feet. There the water begins, and is rising.
One of the collateral consequences of a thirty year lease means that the original owner will leave, and his children with him. Where will they go? Often to add to the ring of impoverished dwellers around big cities, that is, to urban slums, with concomitant job, housing and water problems, as has happened in Mexico City. How much money does each lease pay to the owner? That information is not available.
Beas Torres points out that not all those who leased their land for wind generators on the Isthmus could speak Spanish, or read it. They were initially offered 100 pesos per year per hectare, and a long struggle has followed to amend that unjust quantity. It is curious that nobody names owners in Ocotlán who signed leases; to shield them, or perhaps that information was false ― it was sent to me in an email from a Fortuna Silver Mine office. Perhaps only the governments received money.
On the second day the forum discussion focused on how to implement a push-back against both the military force and the pro-mine policy of the government.
Meanwhile, on Teachers Day, May 15, Section 22 of the National Union of Education Workers (SNTE) marched in force. In the zocalo at the conclusion of the march, the secretary general Azael Santiago Chepi re-affirmed that Section 22 will work not only for education but also for justice. He specifically mentioned political prisoners, Ocotlán, and the toll highway being constructed around Oaxaca City to reach the coast; it crosses indigenous lands. On May 16 SNTE was in assembly; on May 17 they headed to Ocotlán.
About a hundred representatives of the union, another hundred from the APPO, and an equal group from San Jose del Progreso staged an inaugural celebration in Magdalena, with a ribbon cutting ceremony for its new municipal building. The benediction was offered by the priest Martín Octavio García Ortiz, of the parish of San Pedro Apóstol, Ocotlán. In other words, the supporters stated, “We are here.”
On Monday, May 18, Section 22 opened a “permanent” site in the city of Oaxaca to serve for denunciations and forums. Azael Santiago Chepi repeated again the new stance of the union. Their mission, he assured the audience, must include not only student education and needs such as sanitary facilities inside schools, but also social justice, and what Santiago Chepi calls “alternative education”. That, he defines as a community interaction between parents, teachers and students, to overcome lack of knowledge and/or dependence on the government agents.
Thus we are in mid-May, the traditional time for teacher negotiations and strikes. Thus far the union has said that the government’s contract offer is unsatisfactory. For Wednesday May 20 a one-day work stoppage has been declared. The encampment in the zócalo of Oaxaca keeps people informed. I asked the teachers’ leader of the Central Valley district if the union will, like some politicians, advise the townspeople of Ocotlán to negotiate with Fortuna, which has already offered school computers and some infrastructure repairs. His reply: “There’s nothing to negotiate”. A mine will contaminate to as much as thirty kilometers distance. And, he added, “We don’t make their decisions, we do what the town assemblies want us to do.”
Along with Fortuna Silver, the other companies named by CODEP as preparing to violate Oaxaca lands include Aura Silver, Intrepid Mines, Continuum Resources, Chesapeake Gold Corporation, Consolidated Spire Ventures Ltd., Horseshoe Goldmining Ltd, Linear Gold Corp., Mauricio Hochschild, Mercantile Gold Company and Pinnacle Mines Ltd.
- The Fund for Authentic Journalism